Components of Writing a Paper

Whether at the elementary or doctorate level, writing a paper involves the same components in the process and the structure of the paper. Careful planning and attention to detail while researching and writing a paper helps to ensure that you will present the reader with information in a logical and coherent manner. 


  • Although the research that goes into writing a paper may not all be included in the paper itself, it is this component that prepares you with information that develops the arguments and themes in the paper. Researching involves reading books, essays by other writers and other materials that give a rounded perspective on the topic.


  • List any materials that you referred to in writing your paper in the last section of the paper. This is referred to as the references, bibliography or works cited section. Many professors require that the references be formatted according to a particular style, and it is important that you follow this style exactly, down to whether there are commas or periods after the title and author.

Thesis Statement

  • All types of papers require a thesis statement; formulating the thesis statement is often the hardest part of writing a paper. The thesis statement should be one sentence long and should identify for the reader what the rest of the paper will explain. After reading the thesis statement, the reader should be able to anticipate what kind of information will be coming next.


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