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Showing posts from August, 2011

Teaching Careers in a Non-Traditional Setting

Group Homes Many children must live in group homes. Some are in group homes on a temporary basis, awaiting placement in a foster home. Others must stay at the group home because of behavioral problems that make care and education in the community impossible. Other children have special health needs that necessitate group care. All of these children must be provided with an education -- even children who are in the group homes temporarily. Group homes hire teachers to teach the children in their care. The salary will depend on whether the group home receives state funding for the teachers or funds the positions itself, with state salaries tending to be higher. Juvenile Detention Facilities Public school students can be sent to juvenile detention facilities while they await trial or can be sentenced to such facilities. As with group homes, these students must be provided with an education. Juvenile detention facilities hire teachers on an ongoing basis. Check county job postings to fin…

Who Can Apply for the WIA Grant?

Who and What The Workforce Investment Act provides funding for state programs that serve adults as well as youth ages 15 to 18 who are unemployed or underemployed through no fault of their own. The WIA is designed to help people acquire the education and training they need to secure long-term career placement. Its grants support job search and placement assistance as well as employment counseling and career planning. WIA programs also provide customers access to support services such as assistance with transportation and child and/or dependent care. They also provide financial assistance for housing and other needs if necessary to ensure someone's continued participation in the programs.
Operational Requirements State governors are required to establish criteria for the appointment of local workforce investment boards. These boards are responsible for overseeing planning in conjunction with local elected governments; they also determine the criteria by which training and other su…

HOW TO BECOME A DIRECTOR OF PHOTOGRAPHY

What They Do While the director may have extensive knowledge of lighting and film techniques, the director of photography turns ideas into reality -- with the help of the crew. Before the shooting starts, she'll select the cameras, film, lenses and other equipment that will give the film its distinct look. When shooting begins, the DoP doesn't often use the cameras herself, but will leave that up to her camera operators. She'll also work closely with the gaffer team, responsible for electrical and lighting, to create the right lighting for each scene. Typical Education While it's not an absolute requirement, many cinematographers start out by going to film school at an established university. In film school, you'll get extensive education in cinematography topics including lighting, composition, lenses, film and film stocks, as well as learning about other aspects of filmmaking such as directing, producing, screenwriting, sound and editing. The more prestigious fi…

How to Address a Letter to a Doctor of Education

Address an envelope to a Doctor of Education to "Dr. John Doe." If the doctor is married, etiquette expert Emily Post advises "Dr. and Mrs. John Doe". However, if the wife uses her maiden name, the address should be "Dr. John Doe and Ms. Jane Smith." The same rule applies if they are a couple but not married. Use the following formal address inside a letter to a Doctor of Education: "John Doe, Ed.D." and use the greeting "Dear Dr. Doe," according to etiquette expert Charlotte Ford. An informal address in a letter is: "John Doe, Ed.D." but then use the greeting "Dear John."
Place the name and title on one line if you can. If you are addressing two people, the same rule applies -- try to fit both names on one line. If you can't fit both names on one line, Charlotte Ford and Emily Post both advise using: "Dr. John Doe" "Ms. Jane Smith" In this two-line address, do not use "and" in the…

Are Education Trust Fund Disbursements Taxable?

Education Trust Funds When a parent, relative or friend sets up an education trust fund, she becomes a grantor in the trust. She transfers assets -- and ownership over those assets -- to the trust, which a named trustee administers. The trustee can be a professional, or a relative or friend. The grantor also names a beneficiary, who can use the funds toward education expenses once she fulfills the conditions set out by the trust's guidelines, such as turning 18 or enrolling in a college. Contributions The grantor and others in the child's life can continue to contribute to the trust fund. Contributors can put in up to a certain amount annually with no gift tax ramifications. The gift tax exemption was set at $13,000 per recipient in 2011, but the amount changes frequently because of tax code wrangling. If a contributor passes the $13,000 limit, she may owe gift taxes if she also passes her $5,000,000 total lifetime gift-giving limit. Note that the person giving the gift owes …

The Disadvantages of Using Games As a Learning Tool

Educational games played using the Internet, computer or television can help children learn about spelling, math, reading and other subjects. They may also increase students' interest in school. But even though they're helpful, educational games can have disadvantages, affecting students both mentally and physically. It's best to use educational games as a supplement. Reduce time spent playing these games by having children study or play outside.
Physical Strain It's easy for children to feel addicted to computer and online games, and they will sit in a certain spot for hours on end playing them. This long-term use can result in neck aches, back aches, repetitive strain injuries, eyestrain, headaches, fatigue and mood swings. To avoid these physical symptoms, encourage children to take breaks from the game. Allow them to play the educational game for 30 minutes to an hour, but make sure they stay active as well, by playing outside or on a school sports team. Mental Eff…

Government Grants for Unemployed Reeducation

Economic Development Technical Assistance Run by the Department of Commerce, the Economic Development Technical Assistance Program, or EDA, provides technical training to individuals. The EDA's mission is to increase technical skills in populations, stimulating economic development. EDA programs appear in rural areas to stimulate new enterprises in struggling areas. Grants are awarded to new and existing businesses to hire and train new workers, reducing unemployment in an area. Applications are available online at federalgrantswire.com/unemployed-federal-grants.html. Job Opportunities for Low-Income Individuals The Job Opportunities for Low-Income Individuals, or JOLI, is a grant program run by the Department of Health and Human Services. JOLI is designed to promote new job creation in areas hit with low income and high unemployment. Grants are provided to companies for training and development of workers, creating a skilled workforce. JOLI grants are used by new businesses and …

HOW TO START A SMALL FARM

Starting a small farm can be a rewarding endeavor for anyone who has ever wished to take care of livestock, raise crops and enjoy the rural lifestyle. One can also make a small amount of money from the goods that are produced. However, starting a small farm takes some forethought and dedication. Starting a small farm requires you to find the right land to purchase, acquire start-up capital, register the farm as a business and purchase livestock, crop seeds and farm equipment.

Decide what land to purchase. The land type and climate should be big enough to accommodate expansion and should be suitable for the purpose of the farm. For example, if you want to grow crops, it would be unwise to purchase a piece of Arizona desert land. If you wish to raise livestock, find land with a pasture for grazing. Find land with good soil and the right climate for particular crops if you wish to grow produce. Some farm land may already have existing structures such as barns or sheds that were built by …

HOW TO BECOME A FASHION DESIGNER WITHOUT FORMAL EDUCATION

Become a Fashion Designer without Formal Education Study. Any career field needs to be researched thoroughly. There are many design books, magazines and other trade publications available to independently study. Read everything that you can get your hands on to learn techniques, current trends and classical favorites. Draw. When learning how to become a fashion designer without a formal education, you need to know the basics first. You should be sketching your ideas during any spare minute that you have during the day. Even if you have the next big thing in clothing design stuck in your head; it will never reach the public if you can't put it on paper. Sew. Become the most competent sewer that you can. Practice every technique that you can find, from the most intricate stitch to the smallest detail. The less you have to outsource your work, the more seriously you will be taken. It is rare that anyone but household names can pass off all of the construction of their designs to oth…

HOW TO BECOME A DOCTOR OF INTERNAL MEDICINE

Qualifying for Medical School In most cases, medical school applicants must complete a bachelor's degree before admission. Although no specific major is necessary, prospective doctors must take the required prerequisites, which typically include classes in English, math, biology, chemistry and physics. In addition to college transcripts, medical schools require scores on the Medical College Admission Test, or MCAT, and letters of recommendation. Admission to medical programs is highly competitive, and colleges also consider the candidate's leadership ability and extracurricular activities, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Attending Medical School Medical colleges receive their accreditation through the Liaison Committee on Medical Education, or LCME. Medical school generally takes four years, with the first two years devoted to class and lab work in subjects such as psychology, biochemistry, anatomy and medical ethics. Students also learn patient-care technique, s…

HOW TO BECOME A PHYSICAL THERAPIST

Begin with a Bachelor's Degree You generally must have a bachelor’s degree to enter a physical therapy program. Although you don’t need a specific major, you must meet prerequisite requirements for courses such as anatomy, physiology, biology, chemistry and physics, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Once you have your degree in hand, you may apply to a physical therapy school through the Physical Therapist Centralized Application Service. Offered by the American Physical Therapy Association, this service allows you to complete a single application for multiple schools. Complete Your Doctor of Physical Therapy The next step is your doctor of physical therapy program. Unlike some other professions, you do not need a master’s degree; in fact, master’s degree programs in physical therapy have been phased out, and only doctoral programs were available at the time of publication. Along with in-depth study of subjects you completed as prerequisites -- such as anatomy and…

HOW TO BECOME VIDEO GAME DESIGNER

Learn the terms and skills associated with video game related careers. Video game designers are also referred to as graphic designers. Prospective video gamer designers must be familiar with photography, special effects, graphic design, and 3D animation. Talent and inspiration are integral aspects associated with this career, but successful designers must also be educated in current techniques and graphic animation. Enrolling in either online or traditional courses in graphic design is the first requirement in jump-starting a career in video game design. Most employers will not consider an applicant, which doesn’t boast at least some training. A certificate of coursework, workshop, or a two-year degree in graphic design is the building blocks of a successful career in video game design. Earn a Bachelor of Fine Arts, four-year degree in graphic design. This will open more doors for a novice graphic designer. Entry-level positions in established companies do not always consider designe…

WHAT EDUCATION IS NEEDED TO BECOME A MARINE ARCHAEOLOGIST?

Your Basic Education The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics notes that you must have at least a master's degree to teach archaeology, and foreign countries often have stringent requirements for archaeological exploration that can be met only if you have a doctorate. Expect to spend at least six years getting a bachelor’s degree and a master's degree, and several additional years to complete your doctoral requirements. A doctorate typically requires a dissertation. In addition, you may want to take courses that are not offered in an archaeological program. For example, if you will be conducting underwater explorations, you should learn to scuba dive. Graduate Programs The website of the Advisory Council on Underwater Archaeology notes that a limited number of institutions offered graduate programs in marine or underwater archaeology in 2013. Some institutions offer studies in marine archaeology or related fields even if they don’t offer an actual graduate degree. Each program may…

Deduction approaches in research methods

Broad Theory A deductive approach to research begins with a general theory or question about a subject of interest. For example, an economist might be interested in the extent to which education influences an individual's earnings. The theory may hold that the more education a person acquires, the more money she earns. Hypothesis Generation A deductive approach requires a researcher to proceed from the broad theory to the development of a testable hypothesis. In the education and earnings example, an economist could develop a hypothesis about the relationship between education, measured as years of schooling, and earnings, measured as a person's annual salary. Data Collection After developing a hypothesis that includes measurable variables, a researcher then collects the data necessary to test that hypothesis. In the education and earnings example, an economist might collect data on individuals' earnings and years of education from a reputable data source, such as the fed…

Advantages and Disadvantages of Sports at Schools

College Prep Higher-education institutions want more from prospective students than academics -- they look for well-rounded students to fill up their classes. Having sports in schools gives students an opportunity to enhance their college applications. They also can serve as a motivation for talented athletes to work hard in the classroom. Because players need to meet established standards to be admitted to college, and to be eligible to participate in sports when there, getting acceptable grades takes on more importance than it might otherwise. Health and Opportunity As the issue of childhood obesity takes on more prominence, sports provide a way for kids to get the exercise needed to stay in shape. It offers students the opportunity to build confidence and leadership skills, and can encourage students to spend time with other students they don't otherwise associate with. School sports can also be more affordable than those run by outside organizations, giving more students an o…

Professional Ethics & Values Education

History Around the 16th century, the workforce (in the Western world) began to split into jobs that are learned and jobs that take little to no training. Priests, lawyers, doctors and military personal were the first positions considered professions. Around the end of the 19th century, the training for “learned” professions began to include ethical ideals such as doctors' oaths and lawyers' social obligations. Nowadays, most workers are required to act with professional integrity, regardless of their level of training.
Types Professional ethics and values education standardizes what is considered ethical for various professions. For example, a student of a police academy would learn public safety values, while a business student might learn about honesty in marketing. Basic ethical education begins with common sense, then what is legal and then moves on to describe the various professional ethical philosophies that are appropriate to the specific profession of the student. Fe…